Friday, January 27, 2012

Penyakit Kencing Tikus, Faktor Risiko, Gejala Dan Tanda tanda


Artikel asal sila ke http://my-sensasi.blogspot.com/, sekadar berkongsi.

Leptospirosis adalah penyakit yang jarang berlaku. Leptospirosis adalah berpunca dari air kencing tikus. Satu penyakit yang tenat/teruk dan boleh berjangkit. Jangkitan berlaku disebabkan oleh beberapa spesies dari keturunan leptospira berbentuk lingkaran (spiral shape).

Faktor risiko termasuklah:
• Melakukan pekerjaan yang terdedah kepada panas- Petani, penternak/peladang, pekerja rumah penyembelihan, doktor haiwan, pemotong kayu, pekerja system pembentungan, pesawah dan anggota tentera.
• Aktiviti rekreasi dalam air seperti berenang , berkayak dan berbasikal di laluan denai di kawasan panas.
• Terdedah kepada peralatan di rumah termasuk, binatang peliharaan seperti anjing, binatang peliharaan untuk disembelih, ruang perangkap air dan mengambil makanan yang telah digigit oleh binatang seperti tikus, tupai dan arnab.
• terdedah di tmpt yang banjir dimana air kencing tikus tercemar di dalamnya,apabila terkena kulit yang luka,masuk dalam mata,hidung atau mulut(terminum) virus akan menjangkiti.

Tanda tanda
1. Masa pengeraman di antara 2 hingga 26 hari (anggaran 10 hari).
2. Bermula dengan demam, menggigil, sakit anggota tubuh dan sakit kepala. Gejala ini melibatkan lebih kurang 75% hingga 100% pesakit.
3. Batuk tidak berkahak (25%-35% kes)
4. Loya, muntah dan cirit-birit ( 50 kes) Sakit sendi, sakit tulang, sakit tekak dan sakit perut adalah gejala yang kurang berlaku.
5. Radang selaput mata.
6. Antara 7% hingga 40% pesakit mungkin mengalami sakit otot, pembesaran limpa atau hati, bengkak salur kelenjar, sakit tekak,kekerasan otot, perubahan bunyi pada paruparu atau ruam.
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